South Sudan's new government still needs support from the international community. A mandate under Chapter VII of the UN Charter would allow a new UN Peacekeeping mission in South Sudan to physically intervene--with force if necessary--to protect civilians against the wide array of threats they face.
As humanitarian organizations and the UN strive to meet the immediate needs of displaced people, Oxfam is calling on the UN Security Council to ensure that the new peacekeeping mission in Sudan makes protecting civilians from violence its top priority.
Self-determination has come to southern Sudan through a peaceful and credible democratic process. But tackling the immense challenges and obstacles that remain will require both international support and the engagement of local communities.
We must remember that the referendum is just one part of a long, complicated, and sensitive process and without significant long-term international engagement there is still a risk of it all falling apart.