The Politics of Poverty

Ideas and analysis from Oxfam America's policy experts

The Philippine Congress raises questions about climate adaptation finance

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Trinidad Eva lives in a small community of farmers and fishers on the shores of Casiguran Bay in the Philippines. Trinidad is from the Agta-Dumagat indigenous community that has lived in the area for generations. She makes her living from fishing and growing coconuts, taro, ginger, rice and rattan. Photo: Simon Rawles / Oxfam

Where is the money flowing and what is it being used for? (We wish they knew.)

Annaka Peterson Carvalho is the Senior Program Officer of the Adaptation Finance Accountability Initiative, led by the World Resources InstituteOverseas Development Institute, and Oxfam.

People are up in arms about climate adaptation finance. In the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report released in March, a crucial gap in adaptation finance in some developing countries was recognized for the first time.

As part of the Adaptation Finance Accountability Initiative (AFAI), which follows the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) process, we’ve been taking a closer look at adaptation finance in Nepal, the Philippines, Uganda and Zambia.

And now it’s not just civil society that is taking a closer look at adaptation finance, but also members of Congress in the Philippines.

ODI Adaptation Flows - Philippines - Final

Last week our partner, the Institute for Climate and Sustainable Cities (iCSC), co-organized an event with the Congressional Policy and Budget Research Department in the Philippines, where they raised important questions about the reported USD 300 million in adaptation funds directed to the Philippines from 2009-2012.

The diagram above shows adaptation finance flows from international donors to the Philippines for 2010 and 2011. What stands out?

And then if we look at what the money is being used for in the second graphic, more questions and concerns arise!

iCSC_infographic_Climate Finance_Pipeline (493x1024)

  • The amounts vary dramatically from year to year.
  • 47% went towards reconstruction and rehabilitation – not sure that should count as adaptation.
  • Again, 8% of the funds didn’t mention a sectoral focus. So, who knows where the money is going?

The Philippines Congress sees the value in starting a new conversation about how climate finance can help them build climate resilient communities in the Philippines. And that’s what makes the work of our partner iCSC so exciting for me to share.

With the cost of addressing climate change getting steeper every day, there are consequences when we delay mitigation and adaptation actions. That makes it even more important that we improve transparency and accountability by both donors and country governments. We have an obligation to the world’s most vulnerable people to make what little adaptation finance there is more effective.

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  1. chalus@5pforres.eu'Zdenek Chalus

    How we can compete for access to money for our project:

    The 5PforRES is initiator and integrator of the Self- Powered Communities (SPC) Concept for provinces in developing countries. We analysed socio-economic environment for a pilot project preparation and implementation in the Philippines. We identified three key drivers: renewable energy, rainwater and biomass management for three goals: financial sustainability, disasters risks reduction and climate change impact elimination. SPC Concept initiates establishment of the SPC Utility for a province (about one mil. inhabitants). SPC Utility is equipped by revolving loan fund and special vehicle company mechanisms. SPC Utility generates jobs and creates MSMEs. The SPC Concept supposes combinations of long-term financing service of both IFIs and local banks for financing of a local electrification (including loans for one generation – 30 years) and financial services to planting of bamboo and coconuts forests for climate change needs and for business. The goal is to test the SPC Concept on a sample by a pilot project technique. The pilot project proposal is ready. Please see http://www.5pforres.eu.

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