The Politics of Poverty

Ideas and analysis from Oxfam America's policy experts

Retreating from the world is not America, and we must not let it be

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USAID Acting Administrator Alfonso E. Lenhardt visits Sindhupalchowk District in central Nepal, 10 days after the country was hit by a devastating magnitude 7.8 earthquake. Sindhupalchowk is one of the hardest-hit areas after it was struck by a magnitude 6.7 aftershock on April 26, the day after the earthquake. In some places, 90 percent of its buildings have been severely damaged or destroyed. USAID has thus far contributed more than $23 million in humanitarian assistance to Nepal in the wake of this devastating disaster. (Photo by: Kashish Das Shrestha for USAID)

Turning away from America’s global commitments now means turning away from millions in need, and our strongest values and traditions.

At the American Cemetery and Memorial in Normandy, the Visitors Center plays a short film. In it, locals from the towns and villages on the bluffs above the sea describe their memories of the summer of 1944. As I watched I was struck by the fascination of the locals with the idea that Americans would travel so far from home to fight and die for a land that was not their own. I experienced a similar fascination as a Peace Corps volunteer in Jordan.  My friends and neighbors thought it was remarkable that Americans would leave their homes and families to work alongside Jordanians to support local health care and education.

These experiences represent something powerful to me. The United States is physically separated from much of the world by a pair of massive oceans, yet we are as connected, or more connected, as any other nation. Even when we put a premium on taking care of needs at home, the United States can’t opt out of the world. The action or inaction of the United States will inevitably have an impact on the rest of the world, and vice versa. The question is how and whether the United States will rise to the challenge of leading a collective effort to confront problems that are bigger than any one nation or society.

The Trump administration is trying to deny our connection to the world – or at least our historic role as a champion of shared prosperity and universal human rights – by banning refugees, expelling immigrants, and building walls. Unfortunately, these are only the most visible manifestations of a set of policies that undercut the notion of a global community much more deeply. The president has proposed withdrawing from global agreements to confront climate change. And if initial reports are accurate, taking much needed funding from international efforts to secure peace and stability and fight poverty and injustice. These moves are misguided.

Cutting aid for countries shouldering the burden of the greatest surge of refugees since World War II will not make the United States safer. Destroying programs that help developing countries protect children from sickness and hunger will not make our economy stronger or reduce the staggering inequality we see at home and abroad. Eliminating poverty-fighting aid will have a negligible effect on balancing the federal budget, at the cost of extinguishing crucial US leadership, support, and solidarity with people on the front lines of the world’s most dire threats. Undercutting the United Nations will not make the US more powerful, or the world more responsive to our needs – but it will undeniably pull the rug out from under the only humanitarian and collective security system we have.

The United States can’t avoid the global challenges of the 21st century by turning our backs or putting up walls. To disengage and back down from leadership is not who we are and will not make us safer or better off. The breadth and scale of the refugee crisis, the threat of climate change, and the fight against poverty demand a United States response that is equal to the challenge. History and our common humanity demand that the US stay engaged and do our part to make a better world.

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