The Politics of Poverty

Ideas and analysis from Oxfam America's policy experts

Does the food you buy still contain human suffering?

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supermarket shelves The Behind the Barcodes campaign works to ensure supermarkets address human rights issues in their supply chain. Photo: Pixabay

More than 200,000 consumers last year put top US supermarkets on notice to change their ways. Our updated scorecard reveals which companies are listening—and one healthy foods giant who still isn’t.

Co-written with Art Prapha, senior campaigns and advocacy advisor at Oxfam America. 

Here’s the truth—we didn’t know what to expect when Oxfam launched a campaign last year to spotlight the unjust treatment facing people whose hard work goes into the food on sale at US grocery stores. Would consumers care? Would supermarkets respond?

Questions aside, we did know one thing: human suffering should never be an ingredient in the food we buy. By examining the policies and practices of some of the world’s biggest supermarkets, it became clear that not one company was doing enough to protect their workers or treat women fairly, among other important concerns.

That’s why we asked you to challenge supermarket executives to change their ways and put people first. The response was tremendous—more than 200,000 consumers demanded an end to the human rights abuses taking place across their global supply chains.

So did the supermarkets listen? Some have—but many have not.

How US supermarkets stack up

US supermarkets are making slow progress. According to our updated Behind the Barcodes scorecard, none surpassed 23 percent, highlighting insignificant action on important issues affecting small-scale farmers, women, and workers: Eliminating unfair trading practices, increasing the transparency of their supply chains, paying a living wage, and championing gender equality. (Read more about our scorecard methodology here).

One big surprise: Whole Foods, a company that promotes itself as a sustainable grocer, is tied with Kroger at the very bottom—dropping one spot. It’s all the more remarkable given its customers pushed the company over the past year to stop seafood workers in Thailand and Indonesia from having to work excessive hours in abusive conditions for poverty pay.

While Albertsons and Walmart made some progress in better understanding the risks for human rights violations within their own operations, all supermarkets on our scorecard still lack a robust commitment to protecting human rights. And many lag their European competitors, including Dutch supermarket Albert Heijn that announced earlier this year a new commitment to address human rights in its supply chains.

Farmers and women are still being ignored

Supermarkets on our scorecard performed the worst when we examined their commitments to the treatment of small-scale farmers and women workers.

Although all supermarkets have now committed to stock their shelves with Fair Trade certified products, this approach is hardly a panacea—and companies must do more to help small-scale farmers become resilient and prosperous. This includes making sure farmers in their supply chains have enough income to put food on their tables and support their families.

Another disturbing finding: Women continue to be left behind. Four of the six companies scored 0 percent in this area, which means they fail to address and report on how their supply chains impact the human rights of women, including their rights as workers. While Walmart and Stop & Shop/Giant have made some improvements here, most companies have done little to fix the fact that women farmers and workers face considerable workplace and pay discrimination.

It’s not all bad news

While these US supermarket scores are still extremely low, it’s worth noting that there are some important signs of positive change.

Albertsons, Costco, and Walmart have committed to not “cut and run” if there are human rights abuses among one or more of their suppliers. That means these supermarkets have agreed to lean into identified problems and address them, specifically within their seafood supply chains. Whole Foods and Kroger should follow their lead. On the transparency front, Stop & Shop/Giant and Walmart are showing more progress than others.

As we enter year two of this campaign, this is the moment for companies to demonstrate real leadership. This includes changing unfair policies and practices that drive down incomes and working conditions for producers and workers; giving customers basic information about where their food comes from; making sure workers and producers in their supply chains are paid a living wage or income; and supporting suppliers who want to end discrimination against women—including ensuring women are paid the same as their male counterparts for the same job.

Rest assured that we must keep reminding them, especially those lingering at the bottom, that we are still here and believe they can do better.

Take action today! Share our updated scorecard and let these companies know human suffering should never be an ingredient in the food we buy.

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      1.'Ash Kosiewicz

        Thanks for your comments. We chose to focus on the largest supermarkets that are industry leaders here in the US. Safeway is owned by Albertsons, which is on our scorecard. Hope this is helpful.

        1.'Clifford Hajek

          It is and it is not. Again, what about grocery stores that are not huge? What about Pick N’ Save and Piggly Wiggly for example!!!

  1.'Mary Deighan

    Better working conditions and salaries must be improved for women and for all. Children must not be employed and/or abused.
    Mary D.

  2.'Nancy Kneip

    THANK you. I am copying this article to offer on my monthly Fair Trade sales table at church. People do care, although not many are willing to pay more to help.

  3.'Elizabeth Belden Handler

    Dod you look at Wegmans, Topps and Price Chopper? We don’t have any of the stores you profile except Walmart here in Upstate New York.

    1.'Ash Kosiewicz

      Thanks for your comments. We chose to focus on the largest supermarkets that are industry leaders here in the US. Hope this helps clarify things.


    We are all connected. When one is suffering, we all suffer regardless of which border one is behind. The sooner we understand this the better chance humans have to survive.

  5.'josette stanley

    I found this very informative.
    I will push the bad guys to improve, ie WholePaycheck and Kroger.
    I mostly support our local Farmers Market with locally grown food. Also I belong to a food Coop that checks up on it’s
    distributors and merchants.

  6.'Gunta Alexander

    Has Amazon’s ownership of Whole Foods had any effect on its low rating, since Amazon is known for cruel labor practices?

  7.'Evan Thompson

    You have to remember Walmart pays their people here very low wages. (always as low as possible) Costco pays their people a decent living wage!


    I have local farmers market I am now going to switch to. I gave up banks yrs ago. Its time to change food sources. Thank you for the push.

  9.'Ash Kosiewicz

    Thank you all for your comments and questions on this post. It is great to have your feedback and suggestions as we continue our campaign to end the human suffering behind the food that shows up on supermarket shelves across the country.

  10.'Philip J Ratcliff

    The only store where I buy grub that may be produced in abusive conditions, is Winco. And that’s only beer, milk, salsa and yogurt. Everything else is purchased at natural food stores.

  11.'Diane Harrison

    Hi! I shop at a lot of grocery stores, and NONE of them are on your list. One person mentioned Lucky’s. Others are Sprouts, Grocery Outlet, Smart N Final, Trader Joe’s. While I don’t expect to see my Korean supermarket on the list, the others are all pretty big out here in California, if not elsewhere. (Two of the ones on your list, I’ve never even seen, ever, let alone entered.)


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